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Top Ten terms

  1. cut-off value (cut-off point, cut point, threshold) — 30496 views
    “For diagnostic or screening tests, the value used to divide continuous results into categories; typically positive and negative” … (read more)
  2. index test — 22213 views
    “A diagnostic test that is being evaluated against a reference standard test in a study of test accuracy” … (read more)
  3. performance bias — 17838 views
    “Bias resulting from differences in the care provided to the participants in a study, other than the treatments being compared.” … (read more)
  4. length-time bias (length bias) — 12640 views
    “In screening, an apparent increase in survival due to detecting disease earlier than it would otherwise have been detected” … (read more)
  5. systematic review — 12071 views
    “A summary of studies addressing a clear question, using systematic and explicit methods to identify, select, and critically appraise relevant studies, and to collect and analyse data from them” … (read more)
  6. effect estimate (effect size, estimate of effect, point estimate) — 11994 views
    “A statistical measure indicating the most likely size of a treatment effect” … (read more)
  7. randomized study (randomized control trial, RCT, randomized trial, randomized controlled trial (should not be used)) — 10388 views
    “A category of studies comparing two or more treatments in which random allocation is used to assign participants to treatment comparison groups” … (read more)
  8. play of chance (random error) — 9930 views
    “In treatment comparisons, a type of error that may affect the results because too few events or outcomes have been observed to provide a reliable measure of the treatment effects” … (read more)
  9. reference standard test (gold standard, reference test) — 9244 views
    “The best available method of determining whether people have a condition” … (read more)
  10. before-after study (before and after study, uncontrolled before and after study, uncontrolled before-after study) — 9210 views
    “A type of non-randomized study in which health conditions are measured before and after a treatment” … (read more)